|Drawing Techniques: a Guide|
|Liquid Media: Watercolor|
Watercolors are colored washes prepared from pigment, water, and a binder, like gum Arabic. Characteristically they are transparent, but more opaque varieties, even gouaches, are used in combination with transparent colors to extend the range of possible effects. In the eighteenth and nineteenth century watercolor developed into a specialized art that is distinct from both drawing and painting. Although popular with amateurs, watercolor was cultivated by professional artists, who applied a virtuosic combination of sophisticated techniques. Like many continental artists, Heinrich Schwemminger here uses watercolor to apply local color to a line drawing in pen and brown ink, unlike the British watercolorists, who used it as a painterly medium, like Ruskin.